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  • Writer's pictureVedant N.

Ball Python Enclosure and Habitat: How to Create an ideal enclosure

Ball Python Enclosure and Habitat

The ball python, also known as the royal python, is a popular pet snake known for its docile nature and manageable size. As a responsible owner, providing your ball python with a suitable habitat that mimics its natural environment in the wild is important.

To replicate this environment in captivity, you'll need a spacious terrarium with plenty of hiding places and a comfortable temperature gradient. A 20-gallon tank is suitable for young snakes, but you'll need to upgrade to a larger enclosure as they grow.

We'll try our best to help you with all of the steps below. We'll review the key considerations for choosing and setting up your ball python's enclosure. We'll also discuss the habitat's ideal humidity, temperature, bedding, and lighting.

But before we move on, let's take a closer look at the ball python's natural environment because it will influence some of our choices and decisions.

Ball Python Natural Habitat

The ball pythons are native to the grasslands, savannas, and shrublands of sub-Saharan Africa. These snakes are ground-dwelling and can be found in various habitats, from open plains to forests and rocky hillsides.

Ball pythons are nocturnal, which means they are most active at night when temperatures are cooler. During the day, they seek shelter in burrows, crevices, or under rocks to avoid the heat.

In their natural habitat, ball pythons have adapted to a range of temperatures and humidity levels. During the wet season, they may experience high humidity and frequent rain, while the dry season brings low humidity and drought.

To survive in these conditions, ball pythons have developed a unique behavior called aestivation, where they burrow deep into the soil and enter a state of torpor to conserve energy and avoid dehydration.

Ball Python Cage: What Type of Tank Is Best and How Big Should It Be?

Several types of cages can be used for ball pythons, depending on your preference and the needs of your snake. Here are some options to consider:

  1. Glass or Plastic Tanks: These are the most common types of cages used for ball pythons. They are available in various sizes and are easy to clean. Glass or plastic tanks also provide good visibility, allowing you to observe your snake's behavior and health.

  2. PVC Cages: PVC cages are becoming increasingly popular among snake owners. They are lightweight, durable, and provide great insulation. PVC cages also maintain a stable temperature and humidity level, making them ideal for ball pythons.

  3. Wooden Enclosures: Wooden enclosures can be custom-built to fit the specific needs of your ball python. They are sturdy and provide good insulation, but they can be more difficult to clean and maintain than other types of cages.

  4. Reptile Racks: Reptile racks are a space-saving option for housing multiple ball pythons. They are stackable and allow you to control temperature and humidity levels easily. However, they provide limited space for the snake to move around and can be more challenging to clean.

No matter which type of cage you choose, it's essential to ensure that it provides enough space, heat, humidity, and hiding spots for your ball python to thrive. With proper care and attention, your snake will be happy and healthy in its new home.

Ball Python Enclosure Size

This is a bit controversial topic; most people prefer to keep their ball pythons in 40- or 75-gallon tanks. But if you ask me, considering it is a 4-5 feet long snake, I prefer a 4’ x 2’ x 2’ tank i.e., around 120 gallons, I like giving my snakes enough space to move.

Even though they leave in termite colonies in the wild, they still have enough space to move around whenever they wish, so it will always be better to give a bigger enclosure to your ball python.

Also Read: Ball Python - Facts, Enclosure, Diet & Care

Ball Python Lighting and Temperatures requirements

Ball pythons are a type of nocturnal snake that require specific lighting and temperature requirements to maintain their health and well-being. Here are some guidelines to follow:


Ball pythons don't require UVB lighting like some other reptiles, as they don't need to produce vitamin D3 through their skin. However, they still benefit from having a regular day and night cycle. You can achieve this by using a timer to provide 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness each day.


Maintaining proper temperature is crucial for your ball python's digestion, metabolism, and overall health. Here are some temperature requirements to keep in mind:

  1. Basking Spot: Provide a basking spot at one end of the enclosure with a temperature of 88-92°F. This temperature should be provided for 12 hours a day, during the daylight period.

  2. Cool End: The opposite end of the enclosure should be cooler, with a temperature range of 75-80°F. This temperature range should be maintained throughout the day and night.

  3. Night Temperature: At night, you can allow the temperature to drop a few degrees, but it shouldn't go below 75°F.

  4. Heat Sources: You can use a heat lamp or heat mat to maintain the proper temperature gradient in your ball python's enclosure. Make sure to use a thermostat to regulate the temperature and prevent overheating.


Ball pythons require a moderate level of humidity to help with shedding and respiratory health. Here are some guidelines to follow:

  1. Humidity Range: Maintain a humidity level between 50-60% in your ball python's enclosure. You can measure humidity using a hygrometer.

  2. Water Bowl: Provide a water bowl large enough for your ball python to soak in. This will also help maintain the humidity level in the enclosure.

In conclusion, providing proper lighting, temperature, and humidity is essential for your ball python's health and well-being. Make sure to monitor these factors regularly and adjust as needed to ensure your pet is happy and healthy.

Read in Detail: Ball Python Lighting and Heating Requirements – The Ultimate Guide

Ball Python Bedding and Substrate: What Suits Them The Best?

Having a natural-looking and feeling substrate is always great so that your ball python can live happily and stress-free. Other than making your enclosure attractive, natural flooring is good for the skin of your ball python and helps reduce the stress of captivity.

Some of the best substrates for ball pythons are:

  • Coco peat (Coconut husk)

  • Bio-active soil

  • Coconut coir

  • Cypress Mulch

Temporary alternative substrates for ball pythons:

  • Paper towels

  • Aspen

Choosing the right bedding and substrate for your ball python is an important decision that can impact its health, comfort, and overall well-being.

Here's a more detailed look at some of the options available:

  1. Aspen Shavings: Aspen shavings are a popular and widely available option for ball python substrate. They're absorbent, provide good insulation, and are odor-resistant. Plus, they give your snake a natural-looking and comfortable bedding to explore and rest on. Aspen shavings are also easy to clean and replace, making them a convenient choice for many pet owners. However, it's essential to avoid using pine or cedar shavings, as these can release harmful fumes that can irritate your snake's respiratory system.

  2. Coconut Fiber: Coconut fiber, also known as coconut coir or eco earth, is a natural and eco-friendly substrate option. It's made from the ground-up husks of coconuts and provides a natural-looking and comfortable substrate for your snake. Coconut fiber is absorbent, holds humidity well, and is free of harmful chemicals or additives. Plus, it's easy to clean and can be reused for several months before needing replacement.

  3. Paper-Based Bedding: Paper-based bedding, such as newspaper or paper towels, is an inexpensive and easy-to-clean option. It's an excellent choice for pet owners who prefer a substrate that is simple to maintain and replace. However, paper-based bedding doesn't provide much insulation or visual appeal for your snake. It also doesn't hold humidity well, so you'll need to monitor the enclosure's humidity levels more closely.

  4. Reptile Carpet: Reptile carpet is a washable, reusable substrate that provides a non-slip surface for your snake. It's a good option for ball pythons that have difficulty moving on slippery surfaces and can be a great choice for pet owners who prefer a reusable substrate option. Reptile carpet is easy to clean and maintain, making them a popular option for many pet owners. However, it can be a bit pricier than other substrate options, and it doesn't provide as much insulation or visual stimulation for your snake.

When selecting a substrate for your ball python, it's important to consider your pet's needs and preferences. Ball pythons are semi-arboreal creatures that love to explore, climb, and burrow, so providing a comfortable and natural-looking substrate is important for their physical and mental health.

Additionally, maintaining a clean and hygienic enclosure is critical for preventing illness and keeping your snake healthy. Regular spot cleaning and substrate replacement are essential to ensure your pet's comfort and well-being.

Accessories For Ball Pythons

Several accessories can enhance the quality of life for your ball python and help provide a comfortable and stimulating environment for them. Here are some common accessories to consider:

  1. Hide Boxes: Ball pythons love to have a place to retreat and feel secure, so providing a hide box is essential. You can purchase a hide box or make one yourself out of a plastic container or cardboard box.

  2. Water Dish: A clean and spacious water dish is essential to ensure that your ball python stays hydrated and healthy. Choose a sturdy and heavy water dish that won't tip over easily and fill it with fresh, clean water.

  3. Heating Pad: Ball pythons require a warm and comfortable environment to thrive, and a heating pad is an excellent way to provide that. Choose a heating pad that is designed for reptile use and place it under one side of the enclosure to create a temperature gradient.

  4. Thermometer and Hygrometer: Keeping track of the temperature and humidity levels in your ball python's enclosure is crucial for their health and wellbeing. A thermometer and hygrometer can help you monitor these levels and make adjustments as needed.

  5. Branches and Hides: Ball pythons are semi-arboreal creatures that love to climb and explore, so providing branches and hides can help keep them mentally stimulated and active. Choose branches that are sturdy and won't break easily, and add a variety of hides to provide different options for your snake.

  6. Substrate Scooper: A substrate scooper can be a handy tool for spot-cleaning your ball python's enclosure. Choose one with a long handle to help reach into the enclosure's corners and remove any soiled substrate.

  7. Lighting: While ball pythons don't require UVB lighting, providing a low-wattage basking bulb or ambient lighting can help create a more natural-looking and stimulating environment for your snake.

These are just a few of the accessories that can enhance the quality of life for your ball python. By providing a comfortable and stimulating environment, you can help keep your snake healthy, happy, and thriving for years to come.

Ball Python Enclosure - Conclusion

In conclusion, providing a comfortable and stimulating environment for your ball python is essential for its health and well-being. By understanding their natural habitat and needs, you can create an enclosure that mimics their natural environment and allows them to thrive. From choosing the right cage and substrate to providing the proper lighting and temperature, there are many factors to consider when caring for a ball python. Adding accessories such as hide boxes, water dishes, heating pads, branches, hides, substrate scoopers, and lighting can help create a more comfortable and stimulating environment for your snake. With proper care and attention, your ball python can live a long and healthy life as a beloved pet.


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